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Saurabh Kumar


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For most of the students pursuing law, it was ideal to complete one year of masters after the hectic five long years of graduation. This life-changing deal came in 2013 which brought down two years of masters to a single year. But it again went back to square one when in January 2021 BCI issued a notification to change to two years of LLM.

 The recent notification also provides that LL.M. can be only pursued by people who have graduated in law. The BCI rules also mention about conducting the entrance exams for masters to be named as PGCETL. Until this system is introduced, the present method will continue. The master’s degree obtained from any foreign university which has been prosecuted without an equivalent LL.B. degree, will not be considered equivalent to Indian LL.M. degree.

It has all been adapting and modifying oneself according to the changing game in the judicial system otherwise the opportunity vanishes even within a flick of a second.


 The impact of the BCI rules is diverse and does not has an effect on people aspiring to join academics but also has its effect on another profession as well like students aspiring to secure a job in tier 1 law firm or appearing for judicial services. Sometimes, the result is larger felt than it is said. The change in the structure where has given a benefit for aspiring professors or academicians, it has also caused disadvantage for them where the years of experience plays a great role in this field and by increasing the year of LL.M., it can all the more increase the time to qualify to become a Professor or Assistant Professor.

Positive impact:

  1. The schedule will not be hectic, and the course materials will be scattered within four semesters.
  2. Students will have less pressure and will gain better insight into the subjects
  3. The quality of teaching will enhance and thus improve
  4. Only those aspirants who wish to build their career in academics will invest their time.
  5. There would be a quality of education, and the students would be able to properly focus on their studies and prepare for other competitive exams like the judiciary.

Negative Impact

  1. The period of two years makes the job opportunities stagnant.
  2. Many students pursue masters for the sake of better job opportunities or knowledge. It stands as a disadvantage for them as they have to invest two years now.
  3. Along with the increase in one more year, the related academic expenses will also rise.
  4. For those who pursue masters for the sake of knowledge and wish to practice or crack judiciary, it is also a disadvantage for them as now they have to spend two more years after five years of graduation.

It has been one idea fits all kind of approach, but the BCI should consider other related professions while issuing the notice. Not only people are aspiring to join academics pursue masters but also masters is required to get an elevation in good law firms with hefty amount of salary. Also, in judiciary master’s degree secures three increments for the qualified group.  The two-year course will eliminate the opportunity of these aspirants to secure financial stability.

But considering the notification from the academic point of view, completing the course structure within a period of two semesters was hectic for the students as well as for the faculty. IT unnecessarily pressurised the students of the burden of complete the syllabus along with dissertation and seminar papers of the designated and specialized subjects.

The notification released by BCI has been a game-changer of the season as it has changed the dynamics of judicial services exams by making practice experience of three years compulsory. Just imagine completing graduation in five years, then masters for two years and on top of that, three years’ experience of litigation! Doesn’t it sound like a whole game changer of the season in the whole judicial system? I know right!

Recently a petition has also been filed by a student through an advocate challenging the notification issued by the BCI on the grounds that there is no justification for releasing such changed in degree and the proper authority to issue any changes related to higher education is University Grants Commission (UGC) and not Bar Council of India (BCI).

Dear LL.M. Aspirants

“Be updated with the change in dynamics. The whole game is about constantly updating yourself and adapting to the new set of patterns. Law is not black and white. The game changes in the grey area.”

Change your approach

before the game changes your dynamics

Preparation Strategies for UGC - NET/JRF

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